“Criticism is an indirect form of self-boasting.”
“Before you go and criticize the younger generation, just remember who raised them.”
Criticism can be a painful thing. When it's valid it can also provide you with new insights about yourself and your life.
Many of the tips in this article can be used to learn to handle criticism aimed at you in a better way. But I'd also like to point out that it can be very useful to examine your own reasons for feeling like you have to criticise someone. It can tell you quite a bit about your own life at this moment and what you think about yourself.
1. Understand through experience.
“Don't criticize what you don't understand, son. You never walked in that man's shoes.”
“Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain and most fools do.”
It's easy to fall into the trap of criticizing things because, well, you feel like it's wrong. But do you really understand what you are criticising?
From my own experience I have found that one tends to become less critical of things when you have experienced it for yourself and have an understanding. Instead of just knowledge about it.
It's easy to be the armchair general, knowing what is always right. Especially in hindsight. It makes you feel good and like you are right.
But in the end the credit does not belong to this person.
2. Remember who the credit belongs to.
“It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood, who strives valiantly; who errs and comes short again and again; because there is not effort without error and shortcomings; but who does actually strive to do the deed; who knows the great enthusiasm, the great devotion, who spends himself in a worthy cause, who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement and who at the worst, if he fails, at least he fails while daring greatly. So that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor defeat.”
Awesome quote and a thought that you may want to keep in mind. It is of course the wo/man actually out there in the arena who takes the difficult path. The path one doesn't really have to take. You could just stand on the sidelines criticising which would be easier.
But watching life instead of living it may not be the best option. Because anytime you are on the sidelines just watching you are probably not doing what you deep down think is the right thing to do. Such behaviour makes you not feel good about yourself or your life.
3. Keep your focus on what's helpful for you.
“The artist doesn't have time to listen to the critics. The ones who want to be writers read the reviews, the ones who want to write don't have the time to read reviews.”
If you're in the arena you are doing, failing, learning and repeating that all over again and again. You doing something you think is worthwhile.
It's helpful to use your focus selectively. If you look at the sides of the arena you may see people booing and some people cheering you on. But to really get the results you want you have to focus. Focus on what you are doing in the arena. Keep your eyes on the ball.
The thing is if you take in the positive voices and let them define you then you have to take in the negative voices too.
How can you get past that problem? You can listen to them all, but don't have a need or craving deep inside for any of them. Don't seek yourself on other people's opinions. Instead, validate yourself by focusing on the positive things you think and do. And get to know who you really are, not what other people think you are.
My mindset for praise – that I try to stick to as much as I can – is that it's cool and I appreciate it. It's great to get praise, but I seldom get overly excited about it and jump and down shouting enthusiastically.
A great upside of this mindset is that when you receive the opposite – negative criticism – you can often observe it calmly without too much wild, negative emotions blocking the way. This allows you to appreciate that piece of criticism too (if there is something to learn from it).
Basically this mindset is about not caring too much about what other people think. If you do then you easily become pretty needy and let others control how you feel. Both how good and bad you feel.
4. Don't accept the gift.
“A man interrupted one of the Buddha's lectures with a flood of abuse. Buddha waited until he had finished and then asked him, “If a man offered a gift to another but the gift was declined, to whom would the gift belong?”
“To the one who offered it,” said the man.
“Then,” said the Buddha, “I decline to accept your abuse and request you to keep it for yourself.”
Simply don't accept the gift of a criticism. You don't have to. Then it still belongs to the person who offered it.
This is of course easier said than done. To have everyone own their own feelings and opinions instead of letting them be a part of you or something you feel responsible for isn't easy.
Still, one can do it if one is aware of what Buddha describes. You can then choose to decline the gift rather than thinking that you have to accept it. Now, this might not work every time, especially if you are feeling very emotional and vulnerable. Still, it can be helpful to keep in mind.
This also ties into the previous tip. When you really need and crave other people's positive – and perhaps negative – opinions to define yourself it becomes hard to reject the gift since you don't see/don't want to see it as something separate from yourself. You are all wrapped up in it.
5. Who are you talking about?
“When we judge or criticize another person, it says nothing about that person; it merely says something about our own need to be critical.”
When you criticize someone what does that say about you? And when someone is criticising you who are they really revealing?
If someone makes a personal attack or just let's the destructive words flow then remember that criticism isn't always about you. Criticism can be a way for the one critiquing to release pent up anger, frustration or jealousy. Or a way to reinforce that his/her viewpoint or belief is the right one. Or s/he may have habit of getting others involved emotionally – baiting them – to build a negative spiral, an argument/fight or to get attention. It's about him/her. Not about something you did.
It can have a calming effect to remember this. And to remember that the other person is still human and might just be having a bad day or week.
This does of course not just go for “the other people” out there. It goes for you and me too. Whenever you feel a need to be critical, ask yourself why. Whenever you have been critical towards someone who didn't deserve it remember that you are hurting yourself and reinforcing your current state of mind and self-esteem level by this behaviour.
6. There is a better choice.
“I have yet to find the man, however exalted his station, who did not do better work and put forth greater effort under a spirit of approval than under a spirit of criticism.”
So, what can one do instead of criticising someone to get them to improve? One way is by lifting them up instead. By focusing on what they are doing well. And on how they can improve, rather how they are screwing things up.
As Schwab says, and as you probably have noticed in your own life, the spirit of for instance the workplace can have a great effect on your on your own mood, productivity, enthusiasm and motivation.
Energy flows where attention goes. So whatever is focused on – criticism or lifting people up – will expand and become stronger. One may think that harsh criticism may help and get results. It may just bring people down though and pollute the emotional environment.
7. Accept that it will always be there.
“Criticism is something we can avoid easily by saying nothing, doing nothing, and being nothing”
Since criticism often is a form of self-expression for the one critiquing or based in a lack of understanding there is little you can do to escape it. You can of course minimize your interactions with highly negative and critical people. Or keep your focus on what you are doing rather than the critics.
But whatever you do some people will probably feel a need to criticise.
Whatever you do there will always be people who don't like what you are doing.
And that's OK. That's normal.
As Eleanor Roosevelt says:
“Do what you feel in your heart to be right – for you'll be criticized anyway. You'll be damned if you do, and damned if you don't.”